Spinal Decompression Surgery in Northern New Jersey
hen severe pressure from surrounding bone growth or tumor is applied on a nerve or spinal cord, extreme pain, abnormal sensations and a loss of strength in one or more of the arms or legs may occur. If left untreated, it can progress to permanent loss of function or paralysis. To alleviate symptoms and return the patient back to their everyday life, if mild pathology, conservative care will resolve the condition. But if it is a moderate to severe condition, comprehensive spinal decompression surgery may be necessary. Centers for Neurosurgery, Spine & Orthopedics proudly treats patients throughout Northern New Jersey by delivering both conservative care and exceptional surgical care at only state-of-art facilities. Learn more about conservative care as well as spinal decompression surgery and the benefits of each for individuals with spinal conditions that are causing back pain.
Decompression Treatment for Muscles versus Spinal Decompression Surgery for Nerves
Though chiropractors offer treatment to stretch the muscles and ligaments of the spine which they refer to as decompressive treatments, this type of treatment will not resolve conditions where there is a pinched nerve or spinal cord compression. These spinal conditions need to have focused treatment for the reduction of specific nerve(s) swelling or the removal of pressure on neurological structures. When neurosurgeons or orthopedic spine surgeons use the term spinal decompression, they are referring to the need to surgically remove the bone or tumor that is placing pressure on the nerve or spinal cord. Decompressive surgery is only indicated when the patient’s MRI images clearly show neural compression pathology and the patient’s symptoms correlate with the MRI image findings. If conservative care is a possible solution, it should be attempted first attempted according to all medical guidelines. But if conservative care such as physical therapy and pain management care is not sufficient, a decompression surgery will offer a number of benefits, such as:
- Pain relief: When pressure on a nerve or spinal cord is removed, pain and discomfort will subside as the nerve heals and fully recovers.
- Resolution of abnormal sensory sensations: As spinal nerves recover after a spinal decompression, the loss of sensation or abnormal sensations will resolve.
- Restoration of motor function: If the patient was experiencing weakness in an arm or leg, if a decompression surgery is done expediently, there will be a restoration back to normal strength. This return can be expedited with post-surgical physical therapy or prolonged the longer a patient waits to schedule the surgery.
- Improved posture and athletic activity: Through decompression surgery, pain is alleviated and normal posture can be resumed.
The surgery for spine decompression removes either the bone or disc that is pressing on the nerves or spinal cord while maintaining the structural integrity of the spine.
Conditions Treated by a Spinal Decompression Surgery
Centers for Neurosurgery, Spine & Orthopedics neurosurgeons and spine surgeons offer spinal decompression surgery to patients who have not found success with more conservative modalities. This treatment can benefit patients with several ailments such as:
- Bulging discs: Discs that protrude out of their normal place can be treated by just a discectomy but if more severe, may require a decompressive laminectomy to resolve the irritate adjacent neural structures.
- and that may cause burning sensation, ongoing pain, sensory or motor changes in arms or legs as well as lower back pain. If small, the condition can be resolved with just a discectomy.
- Bone spurs: Also called osteophytes, these bony projections occur where bone edges meet within joints. They are the most prominent cause of osteoarthritis-related joint damage. Bone spur removal would be considered a decompression surgery.
- Degenerative disc disease (DDD): This condition is caused by wear-and-tear progressively sustained by the spinal discs. Discs of patients with DDD have become stiff and dry as opposed to healthy discs, which are flexible and moist.
- Degenerative spine disease: Bony overgrowths, spondylolisthesis resolution would be treatable by a decompression surgery.
- Spinal stenosis: This degenerative disorder affects the spine, causing the spinal canal and neural foramen to narrow over time. Only moderate to severe spinal stenosis is treated with decompressive surgery.
- Facet syndrome: Facet joints connect vertebrae in the spine. Arthritis can cause the bones of these joints to overgrow and cause the compression of the adjacent structures, such as spinal nerves.
Techniques for Spinal Decompression
The award-winning medical team at Centers for Neurosurgery, Spine & Orthopedics is well-versed in both conservative care as well as surgical decompression of spinal nerves and spinal cord compression. If a conservative approach is an option, CNSO will first recommend non-surgical treatments like medication, physical therapy, and pain management.
This treatment plan involves a series of stretches and exercises to help reduce inflammation and other spinal ailments that may be causing pressure.
Administered by a pain management doctor, medication is injected around the infected nerve, spinal cord, or muscles in an effort to reduce nerve inflammation, swelling, and pain.
If those fail to provide relief, the patient may be a candidate for surgery. When evaluating patients for surgery, physicians consider factors such as the following:
- Location of the affected disease
- History of previous spinal treatments, including back surgeries
- History of back trauma
- Level of activity
- Anatomy of the spine
- Other medical problems
Some of the spinal decompression surgical categories available at Centers for Neurosurgery, Spine & Orthopedics include:
This surgical procedure is used to treat bulging, herniated or slipped discs that irritate or compress nerves. To relieve pressure on a nerve, a fragment of the disk is removed, with the remaining intervertebral disc left intact. Many patients notice a rapid improvement in their symptoms once the pressure is relieved from the nerve.
There are two methods for discectomy, including:
- Minimally invasive microdiscectomy: The most common type of discectomy, this option creates a minuscule incision along the spine and uses a microscope to help surgeons to locate and remove a slipped disc.
- Discectomy: Through a slightly larger incision, surgeons access multiple or larger disc herniations. This approach might be necessary when the discs are impacted by other conditions like arthritis of the spine.
During this procedure, a section of the lamina (the bony arches of the spinal canal) is opened up to remove pressure on the spinal cord or nerves.
Receive an Expert Diagnosis and Patient-Focused Treatment in NJ
At Centers for Neurosurgery, Spine & Orthopedics (CNSO), the goal is to achieve optimal patient outcomes. The team of neurosurgeons and orthopedic spine surgeons is well-versed in spinal decompression surgery as well as any type of care for the spine. Each patient is thoroughly examined, and an individualized treatment plan is crafted. Recognized as Top Docs for nearly a decade, the collaborative team of board-certified neurosurgeons, orthopedic spine surgeons, non-surgical physicians, rehabilitation specialists, and certified physical therapists work together and coordinate all care to best serve the needs of each patient.
CNSO has a number of convenient treatment locations available. The CNSO locations span Northern NJ, serving patients across Bergen, Passaic, Hudson, and Morris counties. To learn more about spinal decompression surgery, as well as how the dedicated staff proudly helps each patient minimize to eliminate the neck and back symptoms, please contact Centers for Neurosurgery, Spine & Orthopedics today.