Understanding Herniated Discs
herniated disc refers to the structure that is in between the 2 vertebral bodies in your spine. The spine is made up of approximately 26-27 individual bones that are stacked up on top of each other. The disks service many purposes but the 2 main purposes are for range of motion and maintaining the proper space between the 2 bones to allow nerves to travel between.
The disc is made up of 2 main components. The exterior surrounding is made up of fibrous cartilage all the annulus and within this containment holds the nucleus pulposus which is a soft jellylike substance. A disc herniation occurs when there is a tear in the exterior portion and the center material extrudes outside of its containment. The disc herniation made happen at any portion of the spine. Depending on where the herniation occurs in the spine, you may experience symptoms in the arms or legs.
The incidence of a herniated disc is about 5 to 20 cases per 1000 adults annually and is most common in people in their third to the fifth decade of life, with a male to female ratio of 2:1.
As you age the discs loses hydration and nutrients making it less flexible more at risk for rupturing. Majority of the time there is no pinpoint episode where you can account for the initial disc herniation. The symptoms are usually gradual and gets progressively worse with time. There are times that you may be able to pinpoint the moment they feel the herniated disc such as lifting a heavy object, trauma (fall, car accident) or twisting. Occupation-jobs which require physical demands on the spine have a greater risk of back problems. Repetitive motions such as lifting, pushing, twisting, pulling and bending can add greater stress onto the disc which hastens the normal wear and tear causing faster degeneration and weakening. Depending on the location of the herniated disc, symptoms may include pain in the neck or lower back which can travel into your legs or arms, numbness or tingling, pins and needles feeling, fatigue and weakness. Anyone experiencing loss of control over bladder or bowel need to seek immediate medical treatment.
In order to provide an accurate diagnosis of conditions impacting the lower back – bulging disc, sciatica, lumbar stenosis – and herniated disc, a team of specialists inclusive of neurosurgeons, pain management specialists and physical therapists will perform a complete history, physical exam, and neurologic evaluation to identify the nature and location from which your pain is emanating.
NJ’s Only Comprehensive Facility to alleviate Herniated Disc Pain and Follow Up Care Near You
The dedicated surgical and non-surgical team at Centers for Neurosurgery, Spine, and Orthopedics (CNSO) understands how back problems can impact daily life. By working with recognized board-certified neurosurgeons, non-surgical physicians, physiatrists, rehabilitation specialists and certified physical therapists, patients will receive comprehensive and coordinated care, so they can resume a healthy, less painful lifestyle free from disability. CNSO offers multiple convenient locations spanning from Passaic County to Morris County and nearby towns including Clifton, Jersey City, and Parsippany, NJ. Northern NJ patients can learn more about effectively treating sciatic nerve pain by contacting the doctors at CNSO today.