What Is a Neurosurgeon?

Profile of Neurosurgeon Dr. Raab

A neurosurgeon is a doctor who completed a six to seven year training program, after medical school, to become a surgeon specifically trained in diagnosing and surgically treating medical conditions that affect the nervous system. The nervous system, including the brain, spine, and nerves throughout the body, can become diseased or their surrounding structures can exert problematic compression on the sensitive neuronal tissue. In either instance, a neurosurgeon can alleviate the medical condition, and perform any necessary reconstruction so the patient can return to their baseline health status. Centers for Neurosurgery, Spine & Orthopedics (CNSO), serving patients throughout northern New Jersey, is a multi-specialty medical practice providing comprehensive care for brain and spine conditions. The award-winning neurosurgeons and orthopedic spine surgeons at CNSO are dedicated to helping patients experience relief from their symptoms, cure their neurological diseases, and feel better. Here, the CNSO team discusses what a neurosurgeon is and the conditions they can help treat.

Neurosurgery Basics

Most people have heard of the nervous system but may not know what it does or entails. The nervous system includes the brain, spinal cord, and nerves, which help control the functions of the body. A neurosurgeon is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating conditions that affect the nervous system. Neurosurgeons help patients determine the issue that is causing them pain or discomfort and then recommend the most suitable treatment that will restore their movement, comfort, and function.

Although “neurosurgeon” has the word “surgeon” in it, neurosurgeons can provide both surgical and non-surgical treatment options. For conditions other than malignant brain cancer or spine cancer, neurosurgeons may recommend less invasive measures, such as medications, physical therapy, and steroid injections, before recommending surgery. When neurosurgeons perform surgery on the brain or spine, they use a variety of techniques depending on what is the least invasive approach for the patient’s medical condition. The technology utilized ranges from minimally invasive surgery, robotic surgery, endoscopic surgery, stereotactic radiofrequency surgery, and ultrasound to craniotomy.

What Conditions Does a Neurosurgeon Treat?

Neurosurgeons treat a wide range of neurologic conditions that affect the brain, spine, nerves, and surrounding areas. These can be caused by chronic illnesses, injury, or congenital defects and lead to pain and discomfort for patients, impacting their daily lives. These conditions include:

The treatment that the neurosurgeon suggests will depend on what part of the nervous system is affected, how severe the symptoms are, and other factors.

Neurosurgery at CNSO

Centers for Neurosurgery, Spine & Orthopedics is a leader in brain surgery and spine surgery for patients in northern New Jersey. CNSO is proud to have a committed team of specialists that includes award-winning neurosurgeons, orthopedic spine surgeons, interventional pain management physicians, physiatrists, rehabilitation specialists, and certified physical therapists.

Working with a patient-centered, interdisciplinary approach, the medical team collaborates to provide patients with the highest level of care. When patients come to CNSO for neurosurgery, they can trust in the advanced methods, state-of-the-art equipment, and experienced judgment of the surgeons. The surgeons will try less invasive methods before recommending surgery. If surgery is recommended, the neurosurgeons at Centers for Neurosurgery, Spine & Orthopedics can perform it using many different tactics. These include:

Minimally Invasive Brain Surgery

Minimally invasive brain surgery uses innovative equipment to minimize incisions and lead to a faster recovery. CNSO neurosurgeons use this method to effectively treat conditions such as hydrocephalus, benign brain tumors, stroke, Chiari malformations, and more.

Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Surgery

This surgery is used to remove pituitary tumors or other nearby tumors. Neurosurgeons use a thin tube with a camera called an endoscope to visualize the base of a patient’s brain via a nostril. This allows them to see and remove the tumor through the nostril.

Endoscopic Brain Surgery

Endoscopic brain surgery enables neurosurgeons to locate and remove brain tumors deeper in the brain with an endoscope, similar to endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery. However, the affected area is accessed through a small incision in the skull instead of through a nostril.


A craniotomy helps stop bleeding, remove blood, and reduce pressure on the brain that can be caused by an injury or large tumor.

These are just some of the neurosurgery procedures that can be completed by CNSO neurosurgeons.

Request an Appointment With a CNSO Neurosurgeon

Patients living with a neurological condition don’t have to suffer without treatment— a neurosurgeon can help treat the problem and lead to improved symptoms. At Centers for Neurosurgery, Spine and Orthopedics, award-winning neurosurgeons are available to help patients throughout northern New Jersey with many treatment options.

CNSO has multiple convenient locations in Bergen, Passaic, Essex, Morris, and Hudson counties, so patients can find outstanding care close to home. Request an appointment today to meet with a neurosurgeon.

Centers for Neurosurgery Spine & Orthopedics