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Doctor examining patient with back pain

Things to Avoid With Degenerative Disc Disease

Chronic back and neck pain can be caused by degenerative disc disease, a condition that results in the deterioration of spinal discs. Patients with this condition should make certain adjustments to their activities and movements to prevent further damage. Centers for Neurosurgery, Spine & Orthopedics (CNSO) provides medical care for patients with brain, nerve, and

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Person with electrical sensors on neck and back

ESTIM: Electrical Stimulation Therapy and Pain Management

Electric stimulation therapy, or ESTIM, is a type of treatment that sends mild electrical pulses through the skin to treat pain. Centers for Neurosurgery, Spine & Orthopedics (CNSO) provides brain, head, nerve, and spine treatments for patients throughout northern New Jersey, ranging from non-surgical to surgical methods. Here, CNSO discusses using electrical stimulation therapy to manage muscle

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Spine surgeon reviewing imaging results with patient with spondylolisthesis

Understanding Isthmic Spondylolisthesis

In the spine, the pars interarticularis bone is nearest the joining of the lower facet joint to the upper facet joint. When a defect or fracture is present in this bone, it can cause one vertebra to slip forward over the vertebra below it. This is a condition known as isthmic spondylolisthesis. At Centers for

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Person holding hand up to throat in pain

A Slipped Disc in the Neck Can Affect Swallowing, Breathing, and Voice

If a patient is experiencing neck pain along with difficulties swallowing, breathing, or speaking, a slipped disc in the neck could be to blame. To prevent further damage, treatment of the slipped disc may be required. Patients in northern New Jersey should turn to Centers for Neurosurgery, Spine & Orthopedics (CNSO), a multi-specialty provider of comprehensive

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Person holding knee in pain

Do Bone Spurs Go Away? What Happens if Bone Spurs Go Untreated 

As people age and experience wear and tear on their bodies, their bones and joints can wear down over time. When that happens, bone spurs can form along the edges of the bone or in joint spaces, and if untreated, can lead to further complications. Centers for Neurosurgery, Spine & Orthopedics (CNSO) is a multi-specialty medical

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Back of person with highlighted area to show sciatica pain

Ways to Find Sciatic Nerve Pain Relief

The sciatic nerve sends movement and sensory signals from the brain through the spine and into the legs. When pressure is put on the sciatic nerve, it causes sciatica and leads to nerve pain and other symptoms. Centers for Neurosurgery, Spine & Orthopedics (CNSO) provides comprehensive medical care for patients with sciatica and other spine conditions in

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Back of person with lower back pain highlighted in red

Patient Journey: Lumbar Stenosis

Lumbar stenosis is a degenerative spine condition caused by the narrowing of the spinal canal. It can cause leg pain and weakness that may need treatment by a specialized spine doctor. Patients in the northern New Jersey area requiring diagnosis or treatment of lumbar stenosis can trust the comprehensive team at Centers for Neurosurgery, Spine & Orthopedics

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Physical therapist works with person with leg injury on exam table

How Physical Therapy After Surgery Aids in Recovery

For many patients, getting surgery naturally comes with a variety of concerns, such as worries about their mobility and recovery after the fact. The good news is that physical therapy after surgery is a proven way to aid in recovery and improve healing time. Centers for Neurosurgery, Spine & Orthopedics (CNSO) is a multi-specialty provider of

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Profile of Neurosurgeon Dr. Raab

What Is a Neurosurgeon?

A neurosurgeon is a doctor who completed a six to seven year training program, after medical school, to become a surgeon specifically trained in diagnosing and surgically treating medical conditions that affect the nervous system. The nervous system, including the brain, spine, and nerves throughout the body, can become diseased or their surrounding structures can

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Profile of Neurosurgeon Dr. Raab, an expert in astrocytomas of the spine or brain

Understanding Astrocytoma of the Brain or Spine

An astrocytoma is a type of central nervous system (CNS) neuronal tissue tumor. They can be malignant (cancerous) or benign (noncancerous). They are more likely to develop in the brain but can grow on the spinal cord as well. Astrocytomas originate in a neuronal cell type called a glial cell. A tumor that originates in

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Profile of Neurosurgeon Dr. Raab, an expert in spine or brain meningioma surgery and treatments

Understanding Meningioma of the Brain or Spine

The meninges are the protective membrane that covers the brain and spinal cord. Central nervous system (CNS) tumors that grow in this membrane are known as meningiomas. Patients can develop meningioma of the spine or brain. These are among the most common types of brain tumors, but fortunately, meningiomas usually are benign (noncancerous). Centers for

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Centers for Neurosurgery Spine & Orthopedics